Burial sites and cemeteries
This exemption is for burial sites, cemeteries and their elements including headstones, footstones, burial markers or monuments, grave kerbing, grave railings, grave furniture, enclosures and plantings.
Examples of typical activities/works include:
- excavation of a new grave
- interment of ashes
- erection of a monument or grave marker
- maintenance of graves
Standard Exemption 14. Burial sites and cemeteries
General conditions (see page 6 of Government Gazette) apply to the use of all Standard Exemptions and must be complied with.
The following specified activities/works to an item do not require approval under subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977 if the specified activities/works are undertaken in accordance with each of the relevant standards prescribed below.
- Creation of a new grave or interment of ashes or continued use of existing family vaults.
- Erection of monuments or grave markers (excluding above-ground chambers, columbaria or vaults).
- Traditional maintenance activities/works in accordance with Standard Exemptions for maintenance, repairs and cleaning including:
- re-blacking, re-leading or re-gilding of existing inscriptions; or
- re-application of traditional coatings such as limewash where these were previously applied.
- Addition of memorial inscriptions or attachment of memorial plaques to existing monuments or grave furniture (includes grave markers, grave kerbing or grave surrounds).
- Excavation or disturbance of land for carrying out conservation or repair of monuments or grave markers.
- Existing significant fabric must not be disturbed or removed as part of creation of a new grave or interment or use of existing family vault.
- New monuments or grave markers must be in keeping with and not conflict with the existing character of the place, including materials, size, colour and form; however, new monuments and grave markers should be distinguishable on close inspection from the existing monuments and markers.
- Additional inscriptions or plaques must be in keeping with the existing size, materials, form, colour and lettering of the original monument.
- Additional inscriptions or plaques must not overshadow or obscure the original monument.
- Relettering of existing inscriptions must only be carried out to maintain appearance and legibility.
- Relettering must only be carried out using traditional methods and materials which are the same as the existing lettering on the monument or grave marker.
- Relettering of monuments must not involve re-cutting of existing inscriptions.
- Conservation, repair or relettering of monuments or grave markers must be directed, supervised and carried out by a suitably qualified and experienced heritage professional.
- There must be no disturbance to human remains, relics in the form of grave goods, associated landscape features or Aboriginal cultural heritage values.
- The Heritage Manual (1996, Heritage Office and Department of Urban Affairs & Planning)
- The Maintenance Series (1996, republished 2004, NSW Heritage Office and Department of Urban Affairs & Planning)
- The Burra Charter (The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance) 2013
- Guidelines for Cemetery Conservation (National Trust of Australia (NSW), 2009)