Cockatoo Island Convict Barracks Courtyard Credit Stephen Fabling 2013

Australian Convict Sites

Thursday, 16 April 2020

The Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Property is a series of 11 outstanding heritage places across 3 states and one external territory of Australia.

Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area. Credit Rob Nisbet

Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area. Credit Rob Nisbet

The sites span several climatic zones, from Mediterranean in the west to temperate in the south and sub-tropical in the mid-north, and were connected by a network of maritime routes throughout the Indian, Southern and Pacific oceans.

The sites included in the serial listing are:

Visit Australian Convict Sites

The transportation of convicts to Australia, which has been described as ‘the greatest penal experiment of all time,’ represented the largest forced exile of citizens at the behest of a European government in modern history.

British transportation to Australia was the world’s first conscious attempt to build a new society on the labour of convicted prisoners, where over a period of 80 years between 1787 and 1868 more than 160,000 male and female convicts arrived in Australia.

Collectively the Australian Convict Sites is of Outstanding Universal Values (OUV) to the world, which means the Australian Convict Sites so exceptional, as to transcend national boundaries and to be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity.